[fpc-pascal] Converting old pascal written for Pascal/MT+ compiler
XHajT03 at hajny.biz
Tue Apr 4 09:01:40 CEST 2023
On 2023-04-04 08:16, Jacob Kroon via fpc-pascal wrote:
> But I suspect I have a new problem: With the old Pascal/MT+ compiler
> it would appear that local variables declared in functions/procedures
> have a life-time that spans the whole program, like a "static"
> declared variable in C. With fpc, it looks like locally declared
> variables are automatic, put on the stack(?), and so they go out of
> existence once out of scope ?
Yes, local variables are declared on stack and their lifetime is indeed
equivalent to the time of processing the particular function/procedure.
> The program depends on this feature in the old compiler. I did some
> googling and found that putting local variables in a "const" section
> instead of "var" would make them have a "whole-program" lifetime, but
> then I need to provide them with an initial value.
> Do I have any other option besides changing from "var" to "const"
> everywhere, and provide initial values in all declarations ?
You don't need to change "var" to "const" - if you want to ensure the
variables to persist in between the function/procedure runs, you need to
move them to the global level, i.e. outside of the functions/procedures.
It is not advisable as a general practice (to keep all variables
globally), because then you might e.g. access the same variable from
multiple functions by mistake, but it would probably solve your issue.
Obviously, you might need to solve potential conflicts if you use the
same variable names in multiple functions/procedures (e.g. by prepending
the function/procedure name to the variable name or something like
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