[fpc-pascal] Changes to fpWeb...

Michael Van Canneyt michael at freepascal.org
Fri Jan 13 23:36:31 CET 2017


I have committed a serious change to the way fpweb handles requests.

Especially routing of requests was changed.

The old Delphi style routing worked with Datamodules only. The pattern was
strictly /modulename/actionname or through query variables: ?module=xyz&Action=nmo

This old routing is still available by setting the LegacyRouting property of
webhandler or webapplication (custweb) to true. (the new routing described
below is then disabled)

The new routing is more flexible in 3 ways.

- It is no longer required to use datamodules, but this is still supported.
   There are now 4 methods that can be used to register a route:

   - Using a callback procedure
     TRouteCallback = Procedure(ARequest: TRequest; AResponse);

   - Using a callback event:
     TRouteEvent = Procedure(ARequest: TRequest; AResponse) of object;

   - Using an interface
     IRouteInterface = Interface ['{10115353-10BA-4B00-FDA5-80B69AC4CAD0}']
       Procedure HandleRequest(ARequest : TRequest; AResponse : TResponse);
     Note that this is a CORBA interface, so no reference counting.
     (although a reference counting version could be added, if desired)

   - Using a router object:
     TRouteObject = Class(TObject,IRouteInterface)
       Procedure HandleRequest(ARequest : TRequest; AResponse : TResponse); virtual; abstract;
     TRouteObjectClass = Class of TRouteObject;

     The object class needs to be registered. The router will instantiate the
    object and release it once the request was handled.

   - Using a datamodule, as it used to be.

   More methods can be added, if need be.
   All routes are registered using the HTTPRouter.RegisterRoute method.
   it is overloaded to accept any of the above parameters.

- The router can now match more complex, parametrized routes.

   A route is determined by the path part of an URL; query parameters are not examined.


   In these paths, parameters and wildcards are recognized:

   :param means that it will match any request with a single part in this location
   *param means that it will match any request with zero or more path parts in this location



   The parameters will be added to TRequest, they are available in the (new) RouteParams array property of TRequest.

   Paths are matched case sensitively by default, and the first matching pattern is used.

   The HTTP Modules are registered in the router using classname/* or defaultmodulename/*

- A set of methods can be added to the route registration (default is to  accept all methods).
   The router will  match the request method. If the method does not match, it will raise an
   exception which will result in a 405 HTTP error.

I have added a demo application. It behaves well, just as the testcases, but I would appreciate
feedback if you have cases where your datamodules no longer behave as they
used to (both with LegacyRouting=true or false)

Some more improvements to fpweb are planned, but they will not be as invasive as this.


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