[fpc-pascal] ARM CMSIS support

Michael Ring mail at michael-ring.org
Sat Jan 9 12:57:56 CET 2016

Chiming in ;-)

There are two more options:


There are units available for higher level access to STM32F4, Teensy and 
some Freescale Devices. Very usable for devices that have >64k of Flash, 
a number of displays and sensors are supported out of the box.

When your board has Arduino compatible headers the code is very portable 
between the different devices.


As there are some limitations with classes and memory usage in 
FreePascal there's a work-in-progress alternative available named MBF 
that uses record helpers.

Syntax and usage is 99% the same as with the PXL Library mentioned above 
but the memory footprint is much lower (typically 6-8k of flash for 
simple apps). Teensy/Freescale code is already there, I have not yet 
committed the STM32 and LPC8xx code as I wanted to commit them when they 
both on same feature level as the existing code. Also more examples will 
come with the new commit.

If you are interested in testing let me know...


Am 09.01.16 um 00:55 schrieb Jeppe Johansen:
> Yes, you understand it correctly :)
> The FPC RTL only exposes the hardware, not the firmware stack on top.
> It might not be documented well anywhere but the weak linking with set 
> defaults basically means you can declare interrupt handlers like this:
> procedure MySystickHandler; [public, alias: 'SysTick_interrupt'];
> begin
>    // Code
> end;
> For STM32 there's the stm32f103fw file on my site. There's also a 
> version on Anton Rieckert's github page which is split up a bit nicer. 
> Not sure what the status or compatibility is.
> Otherwise I can plug my project of converting the STM32F7 codebase 
> here: https://github.com/Laksen/fp-stm32f7xx_hal
> If anyone other know of any nice embedded projects/links be sure to 
> chime in :)
> I know some people have been working with Silicon Labs and Freescale 
> codebases too. So there's a lot going on around.
> Best Regards,
> Jeppe
> On 01/08/2016 11:58 PM, Marc Santhoff wrote:
>> Answering myself here:
>> On Fr, 2016-01-08 at 23:43 +0100, Marc Santhoff wrote:
>>> On Fr, 2016-01-08 at 23:23 +0100, Jeppe Johansen wrote:
>>>> CMSIS is a lot of things. What exact part of it are you asking 
>>>> about here?
>>> In that file for example from line 887 on:
>>> http://svn.freepascal.org/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/trunk/rtl/embedded/arm/stm32f407xx.pp?revision=32386&view=markup 
>>> there are lots of 'external'ly declared procedures. Where can I find
>>> them?
>> Hmm, that's only a list of interrupt procedures. After the declaration
>> there are some assembler seetings to have default values - OK, now I
>> think I understand. It's up to the user to let them be set to default or
>> redefine and implement the IRQ procedure.
>>>> FPC's embedded target has a bunch of controller units that are 
>>>> pulled in
>>>> depending on the -Wp argument. These define exactly what you see in 
>>>> the
>>>> units in the rtl/embedded/arm directory. In most cases just the 
>>>> physical
>>>> registers, the interrupt vectors(and sometimes the IRQ levels), and 
>>>> some
>>>> startup code. The mapping between the files and the controller 
>>>> names can
>>>> be seen in the huge table in compiler/arm/cpuinfo.pas.
>>> Have seen that, the wiki explains it.
>>>> There are no object or source files for other parts of CMSIS, so 
>>>> things
>>>> like the CMSIS-DSP and all cortex-m intrinsics don't work right now.
>>>> The cortexm3 and cortexm4 units that you can include in your uses 
>>>> clause
>>>> will model some of the missing functionality but very far from all.
>>> Your older implementation of STM32F103 found on your website has
>>> declarations and implementations of the most important parts. The "new
>>> style" sources included in fpc/rtl haven't. Or at least I can't find
>>> them.
>> No, it hasn't. I have read too many source files today. So there is only
>> the declaration stuff for accessing the internals of the SoC, timers,
>> peripherals and the like, OK.
>> Marc
>>>> Floating point support is very untested. Most of it should work, but
>>>> there might be some bugs. You can enable it by compiling your RTL and
>>>> application with -CfFPv4_S16. If you decide to test it please write on
>>>> the bugtracker if you run into problems.
>>> I think I'll have to wait a while, that not the right toy for starting
>>> up. ;)
>>> Thanks a lot!
>>> Marc
>>>> Best Regards,
>>>> Jeppe
>>>> On 01/08/2016 10:58 PM, Marc Santhoff wrote:
>>>>> Hi,
>>>>> looking at the embedded source code there has been done a lot of 
>>>>> work.
>>>>> I'm interested in trying fpc on Cortex-M3 and M4, mostly from ST.
>>>>> While trying to get an overview of the sources I found the 
>>>>> declarations
>>>>> are pulled into a processor specific file by external 
>>>>> declarations. But
>>>>> where does it come from, does the linker pull in the cmsis object 
>>>>> files
>>>>> or something?
>>>>> If so, how? There has to be a pointer to those files I couldn't find
>>>>> either.
>>>>> Second question is:
>>>>> Does the embedded target support hard floting point on STM32F4?
>>>>> TIA,
>>>>> Marc
>>>> _______________________________________________
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