[fpc-pascal] Converting big-endian signed 16bits values to fpc integer

Andrew Haines AndrewD207 at aol.com
Mon Apr 16 01:44:08 CEST 2012

On 04/15/12 18:38, Giuliano Colla wrote:
> I'm dealing with a large number of data coming from an external device.
> They are big-endian 16 bits signed numbers, which must be converted to
> integer and to real to perform calculations.
> Besides the obvious solutions of treating them as isolated bytes,
> multipying by 256 the highest, adding the lower, and oring wit
> $FFFF0000, or whatever sizeof(Integer) suggests if the result is bigger
> than 32767, is there a more efficient and elegant way to achieve the
> result?
> I'm a bit lost on all available data types, and unable to tell apart the
> ones which are platform specific and the ones which are not, which
> assignments give the proper result and which do not.
> Any suggestion would be greatly appreciated.
> Giuliano Colla
> There exists the BEtoN and LEtoN functions you can use.

There exists the BEtoN and LEtoN functions you can use. (NtoLE and NtoBE

  Data: SmallInt; // 16 bit signed type
Data := GetBENumberFromWherever;
Data := BEtoN(Data);

I'm not sure about real types. If they are 32 bits and sent in two
pieces then you could just do

  Data: Single; // 4 bytes
  DataArray: array[0..1] of Word absolute Data;
// I'm not sure how the data is represented in memory for floats.
  DataArray[1] := BEtoN(Word(GetBENumberFromWherever));
  DataArray[0] := BEtoN(Word(GetBENumberFromWherever));

Anyway you get the idea. Probably you will have to experiment to achieve
exactly what you want. Someone else probably has a better answer.



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