[fpc-pascal] How can I implement "thrice" in Free Pascal?

Sven Barth pascaldragon at googlemail.com
Mon Oct 31 09:20:23 CET 2011

Am 31.10.2011 08:52, schrieb Andrew Pennebaker:
> paycheck.pas:
> unit Paycheck;
> interface
> type
>      generic TArray<T> = array of T;
>      generic TFn<T> = function() : T;
> function GenInt () : TFn<integer>;
> function GenBool() : TFn<boolean>;
> function GenChar() : TFn<char>;
> function GenArray(gen : TFn<T>) : TArray<T>;
> function GenString() : TFn<string>;
> { ... }
> I'm getting compiler errors for the generics.
> $ fpc example.pas
> Free Pascal Compiler version 2.7.1 [2011/10/31] for i386
> Copyright (c) 1993-2011 by Florian Klaempfl and others
> Target OS: Darwin for i386
> Compiling example.pas
> Compiling paycheck.pas
> paycheck.pas(6,25) Error: Generics without specialization cannot be used
> as a type for a variable
> paycheck.pas(6,25) Fatal: Syntax error, ";" expected but "<" found
> Fatal: Compilation aborted

Ok, you're experiencing two different problems here:

1. you are trying to do inline specializations in the functions 
"GenInt", "GenBool", "GenChar" and "GenString". This is not supported in 
mode "ObjFPC". You need to use "{$mode delphi}" instead (though I don't 
know whether this will indeed work in trunk).

2. Your function "GenArray" is a generic function. These are not yet 
supported by FPC (they are on my ToDo list though). Once they are 
implemented your declaration will need to look like this:

function GenArray<T>(gen: TFn<T>): TArray<T>;

And you will call them like this:

function Foo: Integer;

   intarray: TArray<Integer>;
   intarray := GenArray<Integer>(@Foo);

This does NOT work yet.


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