[fpc-pascal]Two questions on initialisation of variables

Thomas Schatzl tom_at_work at yline.com
Wed Mar 20 21:08:22 CET 2002

Subject: [fpc-pascal]Two questions on initialisation of variables

>Many of my programs start like this:
>   a, b,...: byte;
>     a:= 5;
>       b:= 7;
>So I was wondering if these sentences are translated into MOV sentences,


>or for the contrary, compiler has optimisations that initialise the data
>segment with the appropriate values, saving valuable CPU clocks.

I doubt you'd notice the difference except you'd use ten-thousands of
such statements. It can be used for global variables only too and it's
only one time expense which makes it even more negligible.

>If the answer is no, is there a way to do this, other than
>CONST v: type = value;
>that seems to me "inelegant" for Pascal?

In Delphi mode you can use

VAR v : type = value;

for global variables as well.

>And the second is for initialisation of PChars. The examples of
>reference guide, pag 29, seem to suggest that I don't need to New()
>pchars. Is that right? I suppose this is only at initialisaton time.

This only works when you assign a constant string to the pchar.

>Suppose that for some reason I had to new a PChar, I suppose that New()
>would only allocate 1 byte, so I'd have to use GetMem, am I right??
>GetMem (p, maxsize+1);

You should use the methods from the strings unit as mentioned in the
docs... otoh stralloc() for example just calls getmem()...
I recommend using ansistrings instead of pchars.


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