[fpc-devel] Freepascal in microcontrollers

Jonas Maebe jonas.maebe at elis.ugent.be
Wed Feb 27 12:56:24 CET 2008

On 27 Feb 2008, at 12:17, Vinzent Hoefler wrote:

> On Wednesday 27 February 2008 11:47, Daniƫl Mantione wrote:
>> Then use bitpacked records:
> If you'd document them properly?

I don't understand why it's not in the 2.2.0 docs, because the doc  
changes were committed to svn on 2007-06-29, which was before the  
2.2.0 release (and there are no different branches for the  
documentation afaik).

> Free Pascal Compiler version 2.0.0 [2005/09/09] for i386
> Copyright (c) 1993-2005 by Florian Klaempfl
> Target OS: Linux for i386
> Compiling test.pas
> test.pas(6,10) Error: Identifier not found "bitpacked"

"bitpacked" was introduced in version 2.2.0 (which is the latest  
official release).

That said, bitpacking is unsuited for hardware interfacing because it  
is opaque: there is guarantee whatsoever regarding the layout (just  
like with sets). FPC's current implementation on all platforms is  
mostly the same as GPC's bitpacking and structs declared in GCC using  
__attribute__((__packed__)), but not entirely (on some platforms and  
with some types, GCC nevertheless still inserts padding bits when  
using __attribute__((__packed__)), while we never do that currently).

The bit layout is also different on little and big endian systems.


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