[fpc-devel] -Cg and x86_64-linux

Florian Klaempfl florian at freepascal.org
Sat Jan 6 23:39:23 CET 2007

Daniël Mantione schrieb:
> Op Sat, 6 Jan 2007, schreef Florian Klaempfl:
>> Daniël Mantione schrieb:
>>> Op Sat, 6 Jan 2007, schreef Florian Klaempfl:
>>>> As of revision 5831, I've enabled -Cg for x86_64-linux building. This
>>>> means
>>>> all code is built with PIC so you can build libraries without
>>>> recompiling the
>>>> fpc rtl etc. However, this might have some downsides: first, pic'ed
>>>> code is
>>>> slightly slower, second, pic support still might contain bugs so
>>>> please share
>>>> your findings and opinions.
>>> How difficult do you think it is to use RIP relative addresses to access 
>> How should this look like?
> Assume we have:
> var global:byte;
> procedure z;
> begin
>   global:=1;
> end;
> Referencing to z without PIC would be an absolute memory access, 
> preventing us to place z in memory where we want without breaking the 
> code. 

Well, to be correct it allows to map physical pages with code at 
different virtual address in different processes. Without PIC they could 
be only relocated for one address.

> Normally with -Cg we do something like:
>       call  FPC_GETEIPINEBX
>       add   rbx,dword global_offset_table
>       mov   [rbx + offset_of_global_in_datasegment].byte,1
> ... to get access to the variable. With x64_64 you can do:
>       mov   [global wrt rip].byte,1
> The assembler must translate this to:
>       mov   [rip-data_segment_distance+offset_of_global_in_datasegment].byte,1
> ... where offset_of_global_in_datasegment is a constant and 
> data_segment_distance symbol that is resolved by the linker.

Well, amd64 does this basically but it stores only the address to the 
actual data rip relative so you need an additional redirection. This 
point is stored in the got section. I wonder indeed if one could abuse 
the got to actually store data :)

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